Childhood diseases

The blood levels of certain enzymes and minerals differ markedly in the rapidly growing child from those in the late adolescent, whose growth is almost complete.

In this disorder, the kidneys contain numerous large cysts that severely impair renal function. Prompt treatment is often necessary to ensure survival. Weight and height increase rapidly Childhood diseases infancy and at puberty; for example, the head completes half its total growth in the first year of life, and by the age of two years the child has reached half his adult height.


Local retardation or disturbance in growth patterns may be equally striking. In some infants the disorder appears to be due to a low concentration of magnesium in the blood.

Cases by Disease / Problem

Read More "Cover Story: Getting a flu shot and a pneumonia vaccine are also recommended for infants six months or over. Whooping Cough Pertussis Bordetella pertussis is the bacteria that cause whooping cough.

List of childhood diseases and disorders

The main symptoms are vomiting and watery diarrhea, which can make babies become dehydrated very quickly. Disorders of the sex chromosomes are also common. In teens and adults, the main symptoms Childhood diseases headache, fever, and stiff neck.

Low self-esteem can create overwhelming feelings of hopelessness, which can lead to depression in some children who are overweight. Excessive stimulation of the cortex of the adrenals by a pituitary hormone adrenocorticotropic hormone, or ACTH results in abnormal enlargement of the glands and overproduction of androgenic masculinizing adrenal hormones.

Failure of a year-old girl to have achieved menarche the beginning of menstruation may be indicative of no abnormality in sexual development but requires careful evaluation. In the developed countries, where the most common causes of childhood morbidity and mortality are accidents, prevention depends upon a willingness to design and modify communities and homes to make them safer for children.

It often follows an acute ear infection or upper respiratory infection. There are many examples of differences in anatomical structure that affect manifestations of disease. Rubella German Measles Rubella, also known as German measles, causes mild illness in most individuals.

Currently, annual vaccination is recommended universally for all people aged 6 months and older. Once bitten by an infected tick, there is a risk that the individual will develop the symptoms of Lyme disease, including rash, fever, body aches, and sometimes more severe symptoms involving the nervous system and joints.

Slideshow: Childhood Illnesses Every Parent Should Know

Tiny blisters that burst. Kidney and urinary-tract disorders The kidneys of the newborn infant are entirely capable of maintaining homeostasis, or balance, of fluids and electrolytes in normal circumstances, adapting readily, for example, to the various formulas utilized in infant feeding, despite the wide range of solute content and the consequent large variation in the excretory load imposed.

RDS occurs in 0. Although it may increase in size in the early weeks, it gradually fades away by the age of seven years.


These conditions can be treated and deaths can be prevented. Children were in their state of usual good health prior to death, or had mild symptoms of illness such as cold symptoms or fever. Pinkeye is very contagious and can spread through schools and day cares quickly.

In certain conditions in which there is a rapid rate of destruction of red blood cells, the inability of the liver to excrete the added load of bilirubin may result in a large increase in the concentration of this substance in the blood; the bilirubin concentration, if high enough, can cause severe brain damage known as kernicterus.

Common Childhood Infections Children encounter many infectious diseases, especially in the early months and years of life. Thanks to a vaccine, the United States is one of the only places in the world where polio is completely eradicated.

Most of the disorders that cause illness can be corrected by surgery, which—unless the defect is immediately life-threatening—is usually deferred until the child is older. Whooping cough got its name due to the deep whooping inspiration many children and infants make after the cough stops.

When fluid collects, it attracts bacteria and other germs, which may multiply and cause a symptomatic infection. But the CDC has reported outbreaks among unvaccinated children.The term childhood disease refers to disease that is contracted or becomes symptomatic before the age of 18 years old.

Many of these diseases can also be contracted by adults. Some childhood diseases include: Diseases from three year to five year. General Discussion Sudden unexplained death in childhood (SUDC) is the sudden death of a child 12 months of age or older that remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history.

Fungi comprise a eukaryotic kingdom of microbes that are usually saprophytes (consume dead organisms) but can cause diseases in humans, animals and plants. Fungi are the most common cause of diseases in crops and other plants.

The typical fungal spore size is 1–40 micrometers in length. The Childhood Diseases page contains articles and information from the New England Journal of Medicine.

Is your child at risk for these childhood diseases? Know when to call the doctor for conditions such as measles, mumps, ringworm, pink eye, strep throat, cough, ear aches, and more. Childhood disease and disorder, any illness, impairment, or abnormal condition that affects primarily infants and children—i.e., those in the age span that begins with the fetus and extends through adolescence.

This article reviews the scope of diseases that affect children, with particular.

Childhood diseases
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